Exfoliation is when you (gently) scrub away dead skin cells and other debris from your skin. It’s important to exfoliate regularly to keep skin healthy and clear. Also, if you wear makeup, you’ll notice that your makeup will apply much better if you exfoliate regularly. The most important rule of exfoliation is to not overdo it. Exfoliation is harsher on the skin than just cleansing, so you need to be careful! You should only exfoliate your skin 1 to 2 times a week. Any more than that, and you can damage your skin or cause it to dry out. There are many types of exfoliators on the market. Some will have smaller grains or beads than others, but most are very similar. You should try out a couple of different brands and formulations to find one that works best for you. Most people find that products with smaller microbeads or other grainy substances work better because they are gentler on the skin. You can also look for scrubs that are sugar based—sugar is great for the skin when applied topically, and sugar scrubs are often very gentle. You can also opt for a cleansing tool like a Clarisonic to take care of your exfoliation needs. Your fingers, on the other hand, can work perfectly well for exfoliation, since the product has a grainy texture that will take care of all of the dead skin cells for you.

How to Exfoliate?

Remember: don’t exfoliate more than twice a week! If you try twice a week and your skin reacts adversely, exfoliate only once per week. You don’t have to have any special tools in order to exfoliate—just your fingers will do. However, if you do own a cleansing tool like the Clarisonic, you can certainly use a special brush head to exfoliate. Pick out a face scrub that appeals to you. On damp skin, smooth a thin layer of product evenly over your whole face. Begin massaging gently in small, circular motions until you have massaged over all of your face. This should take about 2 to 3 minutes. Rinse the product off with warm water and pat dry. Dead skin cells and other debris will wash off with the product, revealing soft, smooth skin! You may notice some redness or minor irritation after exfoliation. This is normal because you are using a somewhat abrasive material on your skin. The redness should subside within half an hour. If you notice that your redness doesn’t go away easily or you have other skin irritations, you may want to rethink the product you are using to exfoliate. Also, you may want to try a natural exfoliator instead (such as sugar). Everyone’s skin is unique, so exfoliators that work for one person may not work for the next. There is always a bit of trial and error when it comes to skincare. Exfoliation is really a very simple task—the hard part is committing to doing it once or twice a week! Just remember that your skin will improve drastically if you stick to a routine.