Type of plant: Evergreen conifer tree growing to 180 feet high with dark-green needles and male and female cones
Part used: Twigs and needles
Method of extraction: Steam distillation
Data: Native to Russia, northern Europe, Scandinavia, and the Alps, this tree can live up to 1,000 years. The tree is fast growing and widely used as a raw material to make paper. The tree is often used at Christmas, especially when large trees are required for public spaces.
Principal places of production: United States, Canada
When buying look for: A colorless to pale-yellow liquid with a fresh, green, coniferous aroma
Therapeutic properties: Antibacterial, anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, antitussives, expectorant, tonic
Therapeutic uses: Bronchitis, respiratory problems, physical fatigue, mental exhaustion, rheumatism, general aches and pains, acne, anxiety, stress
Blends well with: Bay laurel, camphor (white), cedarwood, chamomile german, cypress, frankincense, geranium, lavandin, lavender, lavender (spike), lemon, manuka, niaouli, orange (sweet), peppermint, pine, ravintsara, rosemary, sage (Greek), spearmint, tea tree, thyme linalol, vetiver, yarrow
Precautionary advice: May cause irritation on sensitive skins; a skin patch test is advisable. Best avoided during pregnancy.