Type of plant: Perennial herb with small, gray-silver leaves and erect stems bearing spikes of purple flowers
Part used: Leaves and flowers
Method of extraction: Steam distillation
Data: Another herb with a long history of use. The word salvia translates from Latin as “alive,” “save,” or “be in good health,” and from the ancient Romans onward many European cultures regarded sage as an essential herb for anyone to have growing nearby so it could be used for medicinal purposes. The term officinalis refers to the officina in monasteries, where the healing herbs were stored. All the classic herbals of history recommended the herb salvia for a variety of purposes, including improving women’s fertility. Today sage leaves are perhaps best known as an ingredient in cooking.
Principal places of production: Spain, France, Italy, Croatia, Albania, China
When buying look for: A colorless to pale-yellow liquid with an intense herbaceous, camphorous aroma
Therapeutic properties: Antibacterial, antiinflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, astringent, cholagogue, cicatrizing, digestive, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, mucolytic, stomachic, tonic
Therapeutic uses: Arthritis, rheumatism, cold limbs, numbness, bronchitis, catarrh, sinusitis, influenza, muscular aches and pain, muscular injury, tendonitis, painful joints, menstrual pain, menstrual cramp, menopausal symptoms, hot flashes, excess perspiration, varicose congestion, heavy and tired legs
Blends well with: Basil linalol, bergamot, chamomile german, chamomile roman, clary sage, cypress, geranium, lavender, lemon, lemongrass, marjoram (sweet), myrtle, niaouli, orange (sweet), ravensara, rose absolute, thyme linalol
Precautionary advice: Must be used with care and well diluted. Avoid prolonged use. Do not use if subject to seizures, epilepsy, and high blood pressure. Avoid all types of use during pregnancy and while breast-feeding. Best avoided if on multiple medications. GRAS status.