Fir, Silver Essential Oil

Type of plant: Coniferous tree growing to over 150 feet high with flattened needle foliage and long cones

Part used: Needles and twigs

Method of extraction: Steam distillation

Data: Native to central Europe, the silver fir tree grows at altitudes between 1,000 and 6,000 feet. Sometimes known as silver or white spruce. Fir is used as an ingredient in cough preparations and, in combination with camphor, for rheumatic treatments. Often used in aftershaves and deodorants. The needles are put on the heat source in saunas. Often grown as Christmas trees.

Principal places of production: Austria, Poland, Germany, Croatia, Russia

When buying look for: A colorless to pale-yellow-tinged liquid with a soft balsamic, fresh fir aroma

Therapeutic properties: Analgesic, antiseptic, antitussive, expectorant, pectoral, tonic

Therapeutic uses: Catarrh, sinusitis, bronchitis, bronchial tract discomfort, dry cough, rheumatism, muscular aches and pains, feverishness, anxiety, tension; general tonic

Blends well with: Black pepper, cedarwood, chamomile german, chamomile maroc, cypress, eucalyptus radiata, frankincense, geranium, lavandin, lavender (spike), lemon, orange (sweet)

Precautionary advice: Best avoided by those with respiratory problems